What Is Another Name For A Row Of Elements?

What is the first row of the periodic table called?

Chemistry Portal A period 1 element is one of the chemical elements in the first row (or period) of the periodic table of the chemical elements..

Which is not a family of the periodic table?

HydrogenWhen we told you about families, we said that they were groups of elements that react in similar ways. Hydrogen is a very special element of the periodic table and doesn’t belong to any family. While hydrogen sits in Group I, it is NOT an alkali metal.

Why are the rows in the periodic table called periods?

The rows on the periodic table are called periods. All the elements in a period have valence electrons in the same shell. The number of valence electrons increases from left to right in the period. When the shell is full, a new row is started and the process repeats.

What 4 elements are named after a Swedish town?

* The village gave its name to four elements in the periodic table — the rare minerals Yttrium, Terbium, Erbium and Ytterbium, and is the place in the world where the most elements have been discovered.

What town has 4 elements named after it?

YtterbyHowever, being the only place in the world with four elements named after it makes the tiny town of Ytterby the periodic table’s most important place in the world. Yttrium, terbium, erbium, and ytterbium were all discovered in mineral samples found in the Ytterby mine.

What elements are in the same period?

When you look at the periodic table, each row is called a period (Get it? Like PERIODic table.). All of the elements in a period have the same number of atomic orbitals. For example, every element in the top row (the first period) has one orbital for its electrons.

Which group has two valence electrons?

The number of valence electronsPeriodic table groupValence ElectronsGroup 2 (II) (alkaline earth metals)2Groups 3-12 (transition metals)2* (The 4s shell is complete and cannot hold any more electrons)Group 13 (III) (boron group)3Group 14 (IV) (carbon group)45 more rows•Jun 5, 2019

Who created the periodic table that we use today?

Dimitri MendeleevIn 1869 Russian chemist Dimitri Mendeleev started the development of the periodic table, arranging chemical elements by atomic mass. He predicted the discovery of other elements, and left spaces open in his periodic table for them.

What do we call the rows of elements?

The chemical elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic number. The horizontal rows are called periods and the vertical columns are called groups.

What are 4 different elements named after?

Four of the elements are named after planets (Earth – in the form of tellurium, Mercury, Neptune and Uranus). A further two are named after dwarf plants (Pluto and Ceres), while one after a star (helium from the Greek for the sun – Helios) and another after an asteroid (Pallas) feature on the periodic table.

What is the rarest element on earth?

element astatineA team of researchers using the ISOLDE nuclear-physics facility at CERN has measured for the first time the so-called electron affinity of the chemical element astatine, the rarest naturally occurring element on Earth.

Which two elements are in the same period?

A period 2 element is one of the chemical elements in the second row (or period) of the periodic table of the chemical elements. … The second period contains the elements lithium, beryllium, boron, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, and neon.More items…

What are the 3 ways the periodic table is organized?

The periodic table of elements arranges all of the known chemical elements in an informative array. Elements are arranged from left to right and top to bottom in order of increasing atomic number. Order generally coincides with increasing atomic mass.

What is another name for the rows of the periodic table?

The vertical columns on the periodic table are called groups or families because of their similar chemical behavior. All the members of a family of elements have the same number of valence electrons and similar chemical properties. The horizontal rows on the periodic table are called periods.

Why the number of elements in first period is only two?

There are only two elements in the first period: hydrogen and helium. … This is because in quantum physics, this period fills up the 1s orbital. Period 1 elements follows the duet rule, they only need two electrons to complete their valence shell. These elements can only hold two electrons, both in the 1s orbital.